All good Chinese supermarkets will stock the many ingredients that are used in traditional Chinese cookery. Here is a list of some of the most popular ingredients:
Soy Sauce - Available in both light and dark varieties.
Ginger - Used to add a burst of heat, especially to stir fries.
Toasted Sesame Oil - Highly fragrant and a key flavour in many dishes.
Garlic – often used to season oil.
Black Beans – used to create the well-known black bean sauce.
A video by Wok Fusion displaying basic ingredients for chinese cooking: